Maddah letters (حُرُوف مدة)

These are: alif (ا), yāʼ(ي) or wāw(و)

  1. If there is fathah before alif letter then it is called alif-maddah
  2. If there is dammah before wāw sakin then it is called as wāw-maddah
  3. If there is kasrah before yā then it is called yā-maddah.

In all of the above cases, these letters are pronounced as one alif. e.g.

بَا  vs بَ

بِى  vs بِ

بُوْا  vs بُ

The above just some basic concepts of tajweed and as you can see that these are not difficult to understand. With some practice these are easily memorized.

You Know Tajweed? Try our 5 mins Tajweed Quiz

Tajweed Quiz 

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