Shamsīyah شمسية & Qamarīyah قمرية letters

The Arabic word for the English word “the” is “al” (ال) (i.e. the letter alif (ا) followed by lām (ل). The ل in ال is pronounced if the letter after it is “qamarīyah” (“lunar”), but if the letter after it is “shamsīyah” (“solar”), the lām (ل) after it becomes part of the following letter (is joined). e.g.

The list of shamsīyah letters are:

س ش ص ض ط ظ ل ن ت ث د ذ ر ز

The list of qamarīyah letters are:

ء ب ج ح خ ع غ ف ق ك م ه و ي

أَلْشَمْس  is read as ash-shams and not al-shams – the ل in أَلْشَمْس is NOT pronounced

أَلْقَمرْ is read as al-qamar and not aqmar – the ل in أَلْقَمرْ is pronounced

  Part 4/6: Rumūz al-awqāf رموز الاوقاف (Stop signs)

You Know Tajweed? Try our 5 mins Tajweed Quiz

Tajweed Quiz 

Would you like your kids to start reading Quran before Ramadan 2020?

days
hrs
min
sec

Join before Ramadan & get 10% off

Money Back Guarantee
Quran Reading With Tajweed
Quran Memorization - Hifz
Quran Translation in English

3 Days/week $39/month

5 Days/week $59/month

6 Days/week $65/month

Start 3 Days FREE Trial Today!