Types of letters

  • Letters of the throat‘ which originate from the throat:

ء ه ع ح غ خ

  • Soft letters‘ which are pronounced softly:

ظ ذ ث

  • Whistling letters‘ which sounds like whistle:

ص ز س

  • Qalqalah‘ is the addition of a slight “bounce” or reduced vowel sound to the consonant whose vowel sound is otherwise cancelled. These letters are:

ق ط ب ج د

An example verse of Quran where Qalqalah is done is:

قُلۡ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ ٱلۡفَلَقِ‎

  • Heavy letters” which are pronounced with a heavy accent:

خ ص ض ط ظ غ ق

The remaining letters have a “light accent” as they are pronounced normally.

  • Same sound letters these are in six groups:

ت ط 

ث س ص 

ه ح

ض ظ 

ذ ز 

ق ك 

Part 2/5: Tajweed – Shamsīyah شمسية & Qamarīyah قمرية letters

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